Vomiting and nausea in early pregnancy is quite a common phenomenon that is most often mentioned as morning sickness. According to recent research published in IOSR J. of Nursing and Health Science, almost 80% of females suffer from nausea or vomiting during their pregnancy phase, especially during the first trimester. However, it is not associated with any severe complication or risk of foetal loss.
Causes of Nausea in Early Pregnancy
There can be multiple reasons for having nausea in pregnancy that can’t be exactly identified yet. However, some major causes might be:
- A sensitive or infected gastrointestinal tract that is associated with you before the good news of pregnancy.
- The metallic taste of mouth and gastrointestinal reflux disease
- Higher levels of estrogen and progesterone in pregnancy cause the muscles of the digestive tract to relax. This causes a slow digestive process.
- Family history or genetics may be another potential cause of nausea. If your mother or sister face the same problems in their pregnancy time then you are more likely to be nauseated.
- You have experienced the same issue in the previous pregnancy.
- You’re facing anxiety or migraine problems that can enhance the severity.
- Malnourishment or insufficient vitamins intake prescribed by your doctor.
Symptoms of Nausea in Early Pregnancy
The most common symptoms of nausea during the first trimester of pregnancy include:
- Vomiting that may or may not resemble motion sickness
- Strong aversion to certain smells like beauty products, food, tea, or any other thing.
- Nausea due to eating some spicy foods
- Sudden hunger pangs
When to Worry about Nausea Symptoms
As mentioned earlier, nausea in the first trimester or early phase of pregnancy is a quite common and harmless problem in many pregnant females. So, you need not worry about you or your baby until the symptoms become too severe to avoid hospitalization or carrying the normal life activities.
You should immediately visit your doctor if you fell following problems:
- Feeling too much sluggish and dizzy
- Constant severe vomiting almost all the day makes it difficult to absorb nutrients from the food and leads you towards malnourishment.
- You are losing your weight constantly instead of gaining it with the growth of your baby.
- You are suffering an extreme iron deficiency
Hyperemesis gravidarum or Severe Nausea in Pregnancy
Hyperemesis gravidarum is an extreme condition of morning sickness that affects certain pregnant women.
This occurs when a woman’s extreme nausea and vomiting induces dehydration or a loss of almost more than 5% of her weight. Consequently, she may not acquire enough nutrients needed for developing the baby, resulting in malnutrition.
It’s possible that the mother has to visit or stay in the hospital often for fluids, medication, and, in rare cases, a feeding tube.
You might be at more risk of developing hyperemesis gravidarum if:
- You have a weak gastrointestinal or digestive system.
- You’re expecting a baby girl.
- Hyperemesis gravidarum is your genetic or hereditary problem.
- You have experienced it in your previous pregnancy.
- You are overweight or having multiple pregnancy.
Recommendations of Doctor for nausea during Pregnancy
Visit your health care advisor or gynaecologist if you feel intense nausea symptoms. He/she might recommend some supplements or home remedies to reduce the severity level.
The possible recommendations of doctors for nausea in pregnancy may include:
1. Supplements or Vitamins
Be aware of the recommended daily dose (RDA) of these supplements by your doctor or the Food and Nutrition Board. Taking these supplements without consulting your doctor might have some harmful impacts.
For example, RDA for vitamin A ranges from 750-770 microgram RAE. Taking more than this recommended dosage may be harmful to you and your baby.
2. Minimize Your Stress Level
Living a stress-free life puts a positive impact on the growth and development of your baby. Try to add some light exercise like yoga, meditation after consulting with your gynaecologist.
3. Enhanced Fluid Intake
More fluid or fresh juices intake prevents dehydration. Keeping you well hydrated is necessary for the overall health and fitness of mother and baby by making the muscles and bones strong.
You can take the whole fruits but this may exert pressure on your digestive system. That’s why fresh juices are the ideal choice for your developing baby when you are suffering from nausea.
Avoid white sugar, fast foods, processed or canned foods and juices for your ideal pregnancy phase.
4. More Protein
A high protein diet keeps your bones and muscles strong and healthy as well as reduces the nausea problem. You can add small chunks of proteins to your routine pregnancy diet plan.
Adding some peanut butter, cheese, chicken, fish or any high protein food keep nausea at bay.
Avoid any food that makes your symptoms severe and for this, you have to identify the triggering foods by yourself.
Home Remedies for Relieving the Signs of Nausea
You can try some home remedies that mostly prove to be effective but keep in mind that never try any home remedy without consulting your gynaecologist.
Some home remedies for nausea in pregnancy include:
- Reduce your meal portion size and increase the number of servings to 5-6. This will help your stomach to digest the food easily and effectively.
- Never take any vitamin on an empty stomach
- Easily digested foods with less spice and oil like rice, chicken soup, fruits and fresh vegetables definitely reduce the issue.
- Increase your fluid intake either in the form of plain water, or fresh juices.
- Light walk or shopping every day to make your mind fresh and calm
- Massage with essential oils like lavender oil and olive oil may help soothe the symptoms of nausea.
- Try some pregnancy safe herbal tea like adding lemon or ginger may reduce the symptoms. Even in some women, the smell of ginger is found to be very effective to calm down an upset stomach.
- Citrus Fruits like lemons, oranges, grapefruits, limes have a much soothing impact on pregnant women.
How long does Nausea Last in Pregnancy?
The great majority of expecting mothers experience relief from nausea and vomiting around weeks 12 and 16, with symptoms peaking around weeks 10 and 16.
However, some women continue to have symptoms far into the second trimester. A small percentage of women, particularly those expecting multiple pregnancies, may have morning sickness throughout their pregnancy phase.
Is No Nausea a Worrying Sign for Pregnancy?
Nausea is an uncomfortable feeling as well as a reminder that you’re pregnant. However, it’s perfectly fine if you do not suffer through this condition often.
If you are not feeling nausea in early pregnancy then don’t get panic instead consider yourself lucky! Remember, also, that no morning sickness even at 6 weeks of pregnancy may only be temporary. It can kick in at any time even during the 2nd or 3rd month of pregnancy.
Nausea in pregnancy can strike at any time of day. It is not the indication of your child’s illness, nor does it harm the child. The abrupt surge in hormones in your body is most likely the reason for pregnancy nausea. It’s normally minor and disappears around the middle of your pregnancy phase. However, some females do not experience nausea at all during the entire phase of pregnancy.